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Historic, archived document 



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scientific knowledge, policies, or practices. 



FOREIGN CROPS AND MARKETS 



ISSUED WEEKLY BY 
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 
BUREAU OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS 
WASHINGTON. D. C. 



Vol. 34 April 12, 1937 No. 15 

LATE CABLES... 

Argentina 1936-37 corn crop officially esti- 
mated at 371,633,000 bushels from 11,935,000 acres 
harvested as against 397,615,000 bushels harvested 
in 1935-36 from 12,689,000 acres. (Agricultural 
Attache P. 0. Nyhus, Buenos Aires.) 

Australia 1936-37 wheat crop revised to 
137,397,000 bushels as compared with 142,597,000 
bushels produced in 1935-36. (International Insti- 
tute of Agriculture, Rome.) 



190 Foreign Crops and Markets Vol. 34, Ho. 15 



GRAINS 

G ermany increases rye ext r action percentag e 

The German minimum extraction percentage for rye flour was raised 
again on March 27, 1937, by an ordinance of the Central Union of the Ger- 
man Grain Trade and now amounts to 80 percent. As reported by the Berlin 
office of the Bureau of Agricultural Economics, this type of rye flour 
has been produced for some time but was used only for military food sup- 
plies. It is now the basic rye flour for general human consumption, with 
an ash content usually of 1.15 percent end not less than 1.04 percent. 
Although it is believed by the authorities that rye flour of this high 
extraction percentage will make satisfactory rye bread, the taste of the 
consumer favors flour of a lower extraction rate. The consumption of rye 
bread therefore is expected to be decreased and less rye will be utilized 
to meet human requirements. This flour is sold to bakers at the same 
price as that of the better flour previously used as the basic type, but 
there is no change in the price of bread. Since the consumer pays just 
as much for bread of poorer quality, however, it has the effect of raising 
the price of bread. 

This measure, together with the obligatory admixture of corn meal 
to wheat flour used for baking purposes (see "Foreign Crops and Markets", 
April 5, 1937), is part of the indirect method employed by the German 
Government to reduce the human consumption of bread grains. Thus, the 
grain authorities hope that Germany may more nearly approach self-suffi- 
ciency in grain production. 

, FRUITS, VEGETABLES, AND NUTS 

France facilitates imports of Americ an ap ples and pear s 

The import license taxes on apples and pears, amounting to about 
37 cents per bushel on apples and 55 cents per bushel on pears, were re- 
moved by the Grench Government for the second quarter of 1937, April to 
June, in order to facilitate the utilization of the import quota on 
United States apples and pears, according to a cable from the American 
Embassy at Paris. The decision regarding license taxes for succeeding 
periods has not been announced. In addition to removing the tax for the 
period stated, the French Government has taken steps to restrict the is- 
suance of import licenses to bona fide fruit importers starting October 1, 
1937. If this action reduces, or stops, the speculation in licenses it 
will aid imports of apples and pears from the United States by enabling 
French consumers to obtain imported fruit at a lower price. 

Licenses for the period April 1 to June 30, 1937, will be issued 
for lots of not less than 10 metric tons each, which, in the opinion of 
the French Ministry of Agriculture, will reduce the number of licenses 
to approximately 300. 



April 12, 1937 Foreign Crops and Markets 191 

LIVESTOCK, MEATS, AMD WOOL 
Sydney wool sales open strong 



The opening on April 5 of the current Sydney, Australia, wool 
sales was "marked by keen general competition, according to a cable from 
Agricultural Attache C. C. Taylor at London. Yorkshire and Japan v/ere 
the chief buyers, with good support coming from America and continental 
Europe. Compared with the close on March 18 of the preceding sales, 
prices were 5 percent higher for most types of wool, with others remain- 
ing firm. 

The Sydney sales reflect the strong general demand for wool devel- 
oped in all consuming countries late in March. According to Consul E. E. 
Evans at Bradford, the new buying development has definitely checked the 
tendency toward lower values noted earlier. The expectation is that wool 
prices will move toward the season's high levels reached in January. Im- 
porting countries are under the necessity of providing for their require- 
ments in the later months of the year. All primary markets have shown 
the effects of the renewed buying interest. 



UNITED STATES AGRICULTURAL EXPORTS DURING FEBRUARY 

Aided by heavier exports of cotton, the volume index of farm 
products exported from the United States during the month of February 
1937 rose to 62. This was the highest monthly index since October and 
considerably above that for February 1935 and 1936. 

The index for cotton was 73, the highest February index since 
1934 and above that of the 3 preceding months. Leaf tobacco had an index 
of 85. This compared with 125 in February a year ago and was the lowest 
monthly index since July 1936. Fruits, with an index of 274, reversed 
the downward movement of the 3 preceding months and was also considerably 
above the index for February 1935 and 1936. 

Exports of wheat and flour with an index of 23 continued on their 
slow upward trend, reaching the highest index in more than 2 years. After 
showing some improvement in the early part of the year, exports of lard 
again fell off to an index of 10. 

Accumulations - July-February 

In the 8 months ended February 28, 1937, the value of farm prod- 
ucts exported from the United States amounted to $537,550,000. In the 
same period of 1935-36, exports of farm products were valued at 
$586,634,000. This amounted to a decrease of 8 percent. The volume 
index dropped from 63 in July 1935-February 1936 to 56 so far this season, 
a decline of 11 percent. 



192 



Foreign Crops and Markets 



Vol. 34, No. 15 



Cotton accounted for 51 percent of the total agricultural experts 
in the 8 months, July-February 1936-37. Less cotton was exported than 
during the July-February period of 1935-35, the total amounting to 4,270,000 
bales as against 4,931,000 bales last season. The Netherlands, France, and 
Canada were the only countries which purchased more than last year. Heavy 
decreases were registered in exports to Germany, Spain, the United Kingdom, 
Japan, and Poland. 

Exports of wheat and flour showed a moderate improvement. Total 
exports of flour amounted to 2,599,000 barrels in comparison with the 
exports of 2,119,000 barrels last season. Of this, 798,000 barrels were 
milled wholly from United States wheat and 1,801,000 barrels, or more 
than one-half, from imported grain. Exports of leaf tobacco dropped off 
sharply when compared with the last 6 months. Shipments fell lower than 
in any February in the last 2 decades. A heavy reduction of flue-cured 
leaf to the United Kingdom vras recorded for January and February. 

Though February exports of fruit showed a marked improvement, ex- 
ports for the July-February period continued considerably under those of 
a year ago. Fresh pears were the only kind of fruit showing a gain in both 
volume and value over the corresponding 8 months of 1935-36. The month of 
February recorded a sharp reduction in exports of lard but for the July- 
February period of 1936-37 exports of both lard and neutral lard exceeded 
those for the 8 months last season. 

In addition to the products mentioned above, the following commodi- 
ties showed a gain in both volume and value when compared with the same 
months of 1935-36: Cheese, pickled beef and pork, canned meats, pecans, 
walnuts, corn, malt, dried peas, onions, drugs, roots, and herbs. 

UNITED STATES: Index numbers of the volume of agricultural exports, 
adjusted for seasonal variation, February 1937, with comparisons 

July 1909 - June 1914 = 100 



Commodity or commodity group 


: 1935 


1936 


1937 


: Feb. 


Feb. 


Dec. 


Jan. 


Feb. 




i 54 


55 


52 


57 


62 


All commodities, except cotton... 


: 43 


40 


35 


39 


42 




: 59 


62 


58 


66 


73 




: 87 


125 


109 


115 


85 




: 217 


222 


90 


146 


274 




: 20 


18 


19 


21 


23 




i 18 


17 


17 


19 


23 




: 14 


8 


: 10 


7 


9 




; 35 


17 


' 20 


18 


10 



Compiled from official records of the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce. 
For detailed figures on exports, see opposite page, a/ Includes stems, trim- 
mings, etc. b/ Includes bacon, hams, shoulders, and sides. 



April 12, 1937 



Foreign Crops and Markets 



193 



UNITEE STATES; Exports of principal agricultural products, 
July-Februa ry, 1935-36 and 1936-37 





__ 




Julv-Ff 


ebruarv 








Quant ity 


Value 






1935-36 


1936-37 


1935-36 


1936-37 


ANIMALS AMD ANIMAL PRODUCT S: 








1,000 


1,000 


Animals, live: 




Thousands 


Thousands 


dollars 


dollars 


Cattle 


j No. 


2 


3 


219 


. 200 






§7 


. ' a/ 


5 


7 






4 


3 


615 ' 


484 


Mules, asses, and burros 


i No. 


2 


1 


456 


161 


Dairy products: 
















748 


572 


187 


193 


Milk- 


j Lb. 

; 


718 


729 


161 


178 


Fresh and sterilized 




57 


44 


34 


36 






2,283. 


1,195. 


278 


140 




.: Lb. 


2,043 


2,349 


440 


512 






17,412 


14,880 


' 1,168 


1,120 


Infants' foods, malted, etc. 


; Lb. ' 


1,333 


1, 820 


414 


546 






1,222 


1, 101 


373 


340 


Meats and meat products:- 










Beef and veal- 


• 


• 








Fresh or frozen 




3,183 


2,528 


559 


414 


Pickled or cured 

Canned beef , incl. corned... 


.•Lb;'. ; 


3 , 304 
UQ24_ 


5,802 
1.JZ12 


339 
350 


473 
51 7 


Total beef and veal 




7,581 


10.042 


1.248 


1,404 


rOrK- 


■ 














84 


126 


13 


17 






2,438 , 


2,386 


430 


408 


Total irosh pork 




2,522 


2,512 


443 


425 






2,539 


2,805 


502 


495 


Hams end snculders 


.': Lb. 


30,428 


34,903 


6,284 


5,326 


oiacs, i/umDer. & l.iltsnire. 


; Lb. 


357 


286 


' 66 ' 


44 


Pickled or salted 


.•Lb. : 


3,885 


6,747 


534 


770 






5,114 


5, 693 


1,818 


1 ,937 






44.845 


42,946 


9,647 


8 r 997 


Mutton and lamb 




375 


336 


69' 


59 


Poultry and game, fresh 




1,077 


909 


257 


204 


Sausage- 


■ 














661 


923 


177 


249 


Other meats- 


• ; Lb. 


826 


791 


196 


167 


Fresh, frozen, or cured 




11,127 


• 13,69 7 


1,519 


1,790 


Canned, incl. canned 












J Lb. 


663 


. . 1 ,56S . 


173 


260 






67,155 


71.210 


13,286 


13,130 


Meat ^extracts and bouillon 












: Lb. 


84 


49 


120 


89 




: Lb. 


! 17,950 


• 17,425 


! 3,872 


3,528 



Continued - 



194 



Foreign Crops and Markets 



Vol. 34, No. 15 



UNITED STATES; 



Exports of principal agricultural products, 
July- February, 1935-36 and 1936-37, cont'd 



Commodity exported 



Unit 



AN ImALS AND ANIMAL. PRODUCTS ; CONTD j 
Oils and fats, animal : I 
Lard • 



Oleo stock 

Stearins and fatty acids ; 

Tallow ; 

Other animal oils and fats < 

Total oils and fats ! 

VEGETABLE 1 PRODUCTS : i 
Cotton, unmf d. (Bales of 500 lb.): 



Emi ts : 
Apples- 



Pears, fresh : 

Prunes , dried , . . ; 

Pais ins ; 

Eruit, canned i 

Pecans \ 

T/alnuts j 

Grains, flour and mea l : : 
Barley, excluding flour (48 lb.): 
Buckwheat , excluding flour (48 lb i ' 
Corn , including cornmeal(56 lb.); 

Malt (34.1b.) i 

Oats , including' oatmeal (32 lb.) j 
Pice, including flour, meal j 

and broken rice b_/ j 

Rye, excluding flour (56 lb,) j 

Vfheat, grain ( 60 lb. ) f . . : 

Yftieat flour- • 

Wholly of U.S. wheat ,' j 

Other - wheat flour . . . : 

Total wheat flour ; 

Wheat including flour . ' 



July- Feb ruary 



.j^Lieiiiiiy-. 









j 1,000 


; 1,000 




: Thousand; 


? Thousands 


! dollars 


: dollars 


Lb. 


■ 45,983 


: 64,043 


< 6,139 


: 7,924 


Lb. . 


; 378 


i 552 


\ 57 


i 74 


Lb, 


: 6 , 144 


i ■ 5,202 


I 767 


■ 529 


Lb. 


2,145 


: ' • 2,434 


: 250 


• 241 


Lb. 


! 1,756 


• 1,668 


; 148 


■ 137 


Lb. 


i 912 


■ 984 


■ 89. 


: 68 


Lb. 


■ 10.090 


: 5.186 


! -843 


i 408 


Lb, 


67,408 


; 80,069 


! 8,293 


: 9,381 


Bale 


4,931 


j 4,270 


302,395 


j 273,267 


Bale 


216 


; ■ 214 


5,223 


j 5,206 


Bskt. 


908 


814 


1 , 865 


350 


Box 


5,226 


4,387 


7,521 


! 6,734 


Bbl. 


1,284 


415 


5,425 


: 1 , 732 


Lb. 


28,424 


18 258 


2, 372 


I 1 703 


Lb. 


24,229 


25,604 


3,369 


3,214 


Box 


'511 


434 


1,140 


949 


Box 


3,184 


1,974 


7,885 


5,870 


Lb. 


121,188 


128,923 


4,677 


4,766 


Lb. 


170,807 


121,225 


7,640 


6,433 


T,"h 




O D , OoO 


^i. , OOiCi 




Lb. 


275,792 


202 , 000 


20,097 


15,014 


Lb. 


486 


1,357 


133 


262 






1 1 ASA 


X , XOD 


J- , ±DD 


Bu. 


7,500 


3,947 ; 


4,036 


2,916 


3u. 


a/ ■ 


i ; 


a/ 


1 


Bu. 


384 


421 


466 


506 


Bu. 


16 ; 


41 : 


22 


65 


Bu. 


759 ; 


598 j 


843 


988 


Lb. 


82,562 j 


34,941 ! 


2,546 


1,126 


Bu. ; 


6 


1 : 


6 ' 


2 


Bu. ; 


206 


1,804 ; 


199 . 


1,783 


Bbl. 


547 : 


798 : 


2,546 | 


3 , 838 


Bbl. • 


1,572 j 


.. .. 1 , 801 i 


7,398 : 


9,39..6__ 


Bbl. j 


2,119 .: 


2.599 ; 


9 t 944 ; 


13.234 


Bu. 


10,165 ; 


14,019 ' 


10,143 * 


15,017 



.9.35-36 • W< 



Continued - 



Ajrilll2 t 1937 



Foreign Crops and Markets 



195 



UNITED STATES: Exports of principal agricultural products, 

July-February , t 1935-35 and 1936-37, cont'd 





in i- I-. -i- 




July-Eeb ruary 




Commodity exported 


Unit 


Quantity 


Valufi 




1935-36 


1936-37 


1935-36 


1936-37 


VEGETABLE PRODUCTS, CONTINUED: 








i nnn 


" 1 ' nnn ' 

X , \J\J\J 


Oilseed products: 




XI1U U-bcuiU-S 


XII U U.S dUliB 


U.OXJ. ax s 


IXU X X cxL S 




L. ton 


Q 
O 


A 


PPT 


XX o 




L. ton 




1 PQ 








Lb. 






pp 


xo 




Lb. 


P 1 4.Q 

C) , X*± 3 


X , fix 


P^A 


1 7 A 

X ( *± 




Ton 


f o 






p nA7 


Tobacco leaf; 














Lb. 


PRO qp-i 


<dD<o , y D C 


Tin 'XAA 


i m ^ap 

XVJX , DD6 




Lb. 


5,636 


6, 639 


1,146 


1 , 425 


Dark-fired Ky. & Tennessee ... 


Lb. 


30,785 


17,662 


3, 872 


2,458 




Lb. 


• "7 HQS 
I , Uoo 


D, OUI 


X , ( bo 


1 KA rz 




Lb. 


3,670 


3,089 


812 


661 




Lb. 


1,589 


1,943 


217 


237 




Lb. 


972 


507 


85 


49 




Lb . 


497 


343 


284 


203 


Black fat, water "baler and 














Lb. 


6,921 


6,705 


1,165 


1,196 




Lb. 


26 


74 


9 


24 




Lb. 


327,16,1 


296,220 


119,69,7, 


, 109,352 


Tobacco stems, trimmings, and 














Lb. 


10,373 


16,796 


280 


562 


Vegetables: 














Lb. 


5, 168 


2, 673 


212- 


131 




Lb. 


1,653 


5,128 


70 


172 




Lb. 


26,407 


31,901 


518 


494 




Lb. 


90,179 


59,113 


'966 


1,089 




Lb. 


25,504 


25,554 


2,570 


2,531 


Misc. vegetable -products: 












Drugs, herbs, roots, etc 


Lb. 


3,390 


3,459 


835 


1,502 




Lb. 


22, 793 


16 , 353 


599 


506 




Lb. 


5,514 


3,128 


808 


856 




Lb. 


34,325 


21,613 


1,079 


776 


TOTAL' PRINCIPAL AGRICULTURAL 












PRODUCTS 








558,188 


* 506,190 


TOTAL AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS 








586, 634 


537,550 


TOTAL EXPORTS , ALL COMMODITIES . . 








1,615,031 


1729,822 



Compiled from official records of the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce, 
a/ Less than 500. 

b/ Includes paddy in terms of cleaned. 



196 



Foreign Crops and Markets 



Vol. 34, No. 15 



UNITED STATES: Imports (for consumption) of principal agricultural' 
products, July-February, 1935-36 and 1936-37 



July-February 



Commodity imported 


; Unit 


' Quantity 


Value 


* 


1935-36 


1936-37 


1935-36 


1936-37 


COMPETITIVE 


1 






1,000 


1,000 


ANIMALS AND ANIMAL PRODUCTS: 


i 


Thousands 


Thousands 


: dollars 


■ dollars 


Animals, live: 


; 










Cattle- 


! 










Dutiable (by weight)- 


j 










Less than 700 lb. each 


i No. 


151 


| ' 133 


j 2,425 


i 1,844 


700 pounds or more, each... 


i No. 


39 


: 79 


1 1,676 


i 3,669 


Total cattle (dutiable) 


■ No. 


• 190 


212 


'4,101 


I 5,513 






: 7 


; 8 


: ■ 594 


: 688 




j Lb. 


: 4,989 


: 14,885 


: 444 


' 1,233 






j 6 


\ 8 


860 


1,238 


Dairy products : 


; 














; 4,226 


i 10 , 499 


! • 7.68 


j : 2,223 






■ 4,507 


; • • 9,298 


■ ' 357 


: 881 


Cheese- 


; 












j Lb. 


3,803 


6,244 


: 1,037 


i 1,711 




; Lb. 


a/ 1,316 


[-:; 7,559 


ia/ 166 


: 1,121 






b/ 26,942 


31,412 


•b/ ' 6,278 


■ 6,480 




: Lb. 


32,061 


45,215 


7,481' 


9,312 






1 


48 


; 1 


: • 71 


Mi lk- 


! 










Condensed and evaporated 


: Lb. 


442 


' ' 1,643 


18 


75 




i Lb. 


' 3,703 


12,007 


■ 214 


', 644 


Tffhole, sk. and buttermilk.... 


■ Gal. 


• • 17' 


: 36 


:. ... 4 


:'. •' ' -rfi^M 


Eggs and egg products: 


| 














219" 


! 422' 


:' 38 


70 




j Lb. 


'1,377 


' ' 1,883 


: 612 


731 






2,789 


3,550 


398 


. 507 




: Lb. 


814 


1,417 


144 


232 




j 


/ 

c/ 




34,502 


35,958 


Meats and meat products: 


; 










Beef ' and veal- 


J 












j Lb. 


4,814 


. .2,379 


321 


207 




! Lb, 


1,172. 


1,368 


. . 83 


109 




•Lb. 


52,629 


42,065 


4,379 


3,934 




•' Lb. 


35 


119 


4 . 


17 


p ork- 














: Lb. 


4,060. 


. .10,717 


579 


1,441 


Hams, shoulders and bacon.... 


; Lb. 


6 , 150 . 


23,071 


1,489 


6,259 


Pickled, salted and other. . . . 


j Lb. 


1,416 


2,051 


370 


506 




• Lb. 


5S2 • 


1,125 


208 


315 


Other meats- 












Canned, prepared or pres. ... 


: Lb. - 
: Lb. : 


587 ■ 
323 


278 

96 


70 
52 


54 
28 


: Lb. j 


71,778 . 


83.269 


7, 555 ■ 


12,870 




: Lb. : 


7,9H : 


10,379 : 


4,301 : 


5,554 




•Lb. : 


117,181 : 


45,133 ; 


6,816 : 


2,182 


Wool, unmfd. ,ex. free in bond.... 


: Lb. i 


58,163 i 


107,666 ! 


12,001 ■ 


30 , 329 



Continued - 



April 12, 1937 



Foreign Crop 



s and Markets 



197 



UNITED STATES: Imports (for consumption) of principal agricultural products, 
. July-February , 1 955-56 an d 1956 -57 , cont 'd 



July- February 



Commodity imported 


Unit 


Quantity 


Va 


lue 






1955-36 


1935-37 


1935-56^ 


_ 193 J?~37_ 


COMPETITIVE, CONT'D 








" 1,000 


1 , 000 


VEGETABLE PRODUCTS: 




Thousands 


Thousands 


dollars 


dollars 


Coffee imported into p.E 


Lb. 


150 


0 


17 


0 


Cotton, unmfd. (478 lb. bole) 














Bale 


84 


• 120 


5, 344 


7 , 947 




Bale 


a/ 5 


40 


§_/ 86 


842 


Feeds and fodders: 












Beet pulp, dried (2,240 lb.) .. 


Ton 


13 


44 


272 


1,160 


Bran, shorts, etc. (2,000 lb . )- 














Ton 


151 


222 


2,574 


5 » 097 




Ton 


64 


91 


977 


2,019 


Total bran, shorts, etc. .. 


Ton 


215 


313 


3,551 


7,116 


Hay (2,000 pound) 


Ton 


2 


115 


20 


864 


Oil cake and oil-cake meal- 














Lb. 


17,473 


48,883 


183 


654 




Lb. 


72,824 


72,712 


612 


694 




Lb. 


.3,523 


35,255 


32 


344 




Lb. 


10,836 


31, 690 


88 


364 


All other 


Lb. 


2,289 


11,826 


20 


131 


Total oil ceke and meal . . . 


Lb. 


105,945 


198,366 


935 


2,187 


Fruits: 














Lb. 


3,763 


6,003 


238 


400 




Lb. 


5,693 


5, 638 


312 


311 




Lb. 


49 , 220 


49,022 


1,718 


1,794 




Lb. 


5,864 


6,110 


387 


418 




Cu . f t . 


24 


32 


44 


60 




Lb. 


2,294 


863 


46 


27 




Lb. 


5,493 


6,458 


143 


172 


Pineapples- 






sJ 










sJ 


81 


201 




Lb. 


3 j 3 2 5 


8, 690 


189 


411 


Product of the p. I 


Lb. 


3,186 


10,535 


157 


456 




Lb. 


788 


540 


79 


44 




Gal. 


3,481 


3,959 


1,845 


2,599 


Grains and grain products: 














Bu. 


522 


10,172 


361 


8,839 




Lb. 


179,038 


244 , 484 


4,611 


6,289 




Bu. 


28,074 


39,872 


11,899 


21,086 




Bu. 


58 


120 


25 


48 


Rice- 














Lb. 


2,438 


9,769 


76 


289 




Lb. 


5,743 


10,068 


156 


279 




■ Lb. 


2,191 


1,148 


87 


39 




; Lb. 


13,434 


83,987 


229 


1,446 




: Bu. 


2,111 


3,885 


993 


2,549 










Continued - 



198 



Foreign Crops and Markets 



Vol. 34, No. 15 



UNITED STATES: Imports (for consumption) of principal agricultural products., 



July-February, 1935-36 and 1936-37, cont' d 











July- February 




Commodity imported 


; Unit 




Quantity 


Value 






19 3£ 


3-36 


, 1936-37 


:' 1935-36 


. 1936-37 


COMPETITIVE, CONT'D 


| 








; 1,000 


j 1 , 000 


VEGETABLE PRODUCTS , CONT'D: 




Thousands 


'• Thousands 


: dollars 


I dollars 


Grains and grain prod., cont'd: 


; 












Wheat, grain- (60 lb.) 














Dutiable at 42^ per bu 


; Bu. 


17, 


918 


; 25,788 


i 15,351 


• 25,975 


Dutiable at lOJo ad val. d/ . 


: Bu. 


7. 


711 


• 3,919 


■ 4,993 


1 3,1^8 


Milled in bond for export- 


', 














j Bu. 


2 


627 


Y 2,549 


j 2,311 


■ 2,569 




; BU. 


4 


791 


; 6,629 


3,904 


; 6,228 




i Bu. 


33 


047 


38,885 


26,559 


j 37,950 




i Bbl. 




12 


39 


: 50 


135 




: Bu. 


~~33~ 


104 


39,066 


26, 609 


33,135 




* 






c/ 


12,030 


: 13,492 


Oils, vegetable: 
















: Lb. 


238, 


308 


210,021 


8,904 


I 9,034 




i Lb. 


18, 


549 


19,467 


1,189 


• 1,388 




; Lb. 


89, 


864 


79,495 


5,253 


■ 4 , 501 




: Lb. 




700 


238 


30 


: 12 




: Lb. 


44, 


657 


37,904 


5,573 


I 5 , 014 




: Lb. 


30, 


388 


30,630 


2,134 


2,426 




: Lb. 


32, 


083 


24,307 


1,298 


1 , 264 




: Lb. 


232 


768 • 


226,656 


7,938 


7,472 




i Lb. 


30, 


134 


. 11,767 


1,407 


688 




j Lb. 


50, 


215 


37,073 


3,022 


2,387 




: Gal. 


7 


273 


3,208 


2,831 


1,515 




: Lb. 


6 


417 


. 3,208 


299 


158 




! Lb. 


16 


709 


11 , 6 5.1 


1,126 


740 




i Lb. 


99 


699 


75,788 


13,059 


10 , 147 


Oilseeds: 


'• 














• Lb . 


107 


733 . 


99,597 


2,341 


2,318 




: Lb. 


353 


273 ; 


278,621 


7,401 


7,136 




: Bu-. 


10 


865 j 


13,408 


10,138 


16,993 




: Lb. 


10 


878 ! 


37,029 


207 ' 


792 




! Lb. 


81 


693 : 


15,498 


2,072 


527 




! 


il 




c/ j 


, 3,024 


6,319 


Sugar and molasses: 


; 














Ton 


1 


896 


1,437 : 


88,917 . 


78 , 849 




1 Gal. 


115 


286 ; 


183,700 ; 


6,275 


9,707 


Tobacco, unmanufactured: 


\ 














: Lb. 


41 


850 | 


40,397 ; 


19,405 | 


20,379 




: Lb. 


1 


581 j 


1,381 j 


145 j 


124 




i Lb. 


1 


267 : 


1,660 ! 


45 : 


50 


Vegetables: 


1 












Beans- 
















S Lb. 


11 


,498 i 


. 28,738 ; 


305 : 


865 




! Lb. 


5 


949 : 


4,193 ; 


169 : 


116 



Continued - 



April 12, 1937 

UNITED STATES: 



Foreign Crops and Markets 



19 9 



Imports (for consumpt ion) of principal agricultural products, 
July-February, 1935-36 and 1936-37, cont'd 



Commodity imported 



Unit 



July«February 



Quantity 



1935-36 



1936-37 



Value 



1935-36 : 1936-37 



and prep 



COMPETITIVE, CONT'D 
VEGETABLE PRODUCT S , CONT 1 D : 
Vegetables, cont'd- 

Chickpeas or garbanzos, dried 

Garlic 

Onions 

Peas, except cowp's & chickp's-l 

Dried 

Green 

Potatoes, white .... 

Tapioca, crude, flou 

Tomatoes, fresh .... 

Turnip s 

Vegetables, canned . 
Fibers, vegetable: (2,240 lb. ton) 

Flax, unmanufactured 

Hemp, unmanufactured 

Jute and jute butts, unmfd. .. 
Total principal competitive 

agricultural products 

M-COIviPETTTIV E 
ANIMAL PRODUCTS: 

Silk, raw 

Wool, unmfd., free in bond 

VEGETABLE PRODUCTS: 

Bananas 

Coffee, ex. into Puerto Rico ... 

Cocoa or cacao beans 

Tea 

Drugs, herbs, roots, etc 

Spices 

Fibers, gagafcahla; (2,240 lb. ton) 

Kapok 

Manila 

Sisal and henequen J Tc 

Rubber, crude, incl. guayule .. 
Total principal agricultural- 

Kon-competitive products .... 

Competitive products 

TOTAL PRINCIPAL AGRI . PROD. 
TOTAL AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS . . . 
TOTAL IMPORTS, ALL COMMODITIES . 



SEbou sands 



Thousands 



1,000 
dol Tars 



1,000 
dollars 







' R PI 4 


<G*J J 


' ^PP 


Lb 


' ? 941 


; 1 968 


176 


: 86 




, Ci , JOC' 


! 0 Ol ^ 


■ jj 




Lb . 


*~> AAA 

; 2 , 444 




; do 


l ry t-i 
OO 


Lb. 


• 2,986 


j 3,756 


• 144 


j 187 


Lb. 


| 10 , 484 


: 42,192 


141 


j 793 


Lb. 


: 159 731 


' 242 372 


■ 3,337 


: 4,5&0 


Lb. 


46,916 


; 46,282 


: *985 


: '948 


Lb. 


: 96,894 


' 110,018 


539 


; 763 


Lb 


49 , 145 


48 1 54 


P 1 05 


1,929 


Ton 


5 








Ton 


1 


1 


189 


P30 


Ton 


51 


45 


4 1 46 

T , ITU 


O 1 kJ 'w? 








362,565 


435,493 


Lb. 


46,690 


47 ART 


7 A R OO 


ri? , Oof 


Lb. 


105 , 294 


116,933 


15 ,582 


23,575 


inch 


33,707 


oo , o4,d 


X / , UD/d 


lb , old 


Lb. 1,271,363 3 


L, 172, 044 ; 


90,677 


95,008 


Lb. 


399,319 . 


442,728 \ 


17,479 , 


28 , 725 


Lb. i 


58,360 : 


fil 8^P ' 


in Q R A 


1 P AQO 


Lb. i 


c/ : 


c/ : 


5 , 701 ; 


4,850 


Lb. 


69,711 \ 


115,051 : 


6,839 j 


9,268 


Ton • 


8 i 


12 : 


1 , 709 i 


2,998 


Ton : 


31 j 


21 : 


3,098 i 


3,037 


Ton ! 


103 i 


80 | 


7,799 : 


9,113 


Lb. ! 


664,119 i 


787 ,9 P.I i 


76,423 i 


193,979 








327,675 j 


411,483 








362 , 5 65 : 










690,440 ! 


846,976 








736,951 i 


906,807 



1,430,532 1x5.6,268 



Compiled from official records of' the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commc-rce 
a/ Two months (January -February , 1936) . b/ Includes cheddar cheese prior to 
January 1, 1936. c/ Reported in value only, d/ Unfit for human consumption. 



200 



Foreign Crops and Markets 



Vol. 34, No. 15 



UNITED STATES: Export quantity of specified agrioultural products, 
January-February, 1936 and 1937, and February, 1936 and 1937 





• 


" 1 

January -Feb ruary 


February 














Commodity 


! Unit 












i 

■ 




ISO ( 




1 9^7 


EXPORTS DOI-ES^IC" 




Thousands • 


Thousands 


Thousands 


Thousands 




! T "h 


393 


424 


186 


209 




' T Ti 


5,371 


4,344 


2,183 


2,540 




' T Ta 


17,631 


13,260 


7,514 


4,456 


Grains and preparations: 


• 












. . : Bu. 


1, 179 


134 


356 


126 






48 


28 


32 


12 


Rice- 


• 














7 , 072 


22, 157 


2 414 


12, 193 






1 


7 


6/ 


7 


f heat- 
















XJL 


72 


28 


38 


Flour wholly of 


1 














118 


220 


80 


119 


Fruits: 


■ 










Fre sh- 
















2,454 


1, 627 


1,206 


715 






11,059 


9,286 


3,890 


3,142 




t -n ~ _ 


457 


452 


213 


200 






131 


164 


74 


82 
















* T "U 


4 , 799 


6 076 


1 ^01 


3 784 






1,910 


4,078 


918 


3,061 






34,071 


34,736 


17,581 


25,844 








?2 9Pfi 




17 706 






12 , 199 


16,469 


6,847 


16,029 


Tobacco leaf: 
















54,925 


44,750 


29,175 


17,987 


Dark-fired Kentucky ■ . . 
















11,414 


3,754 


1,963 


1,538 




. . : Lb. 


8 , 552 


6 . 173 


3.456 


3.170 






74,891 


54,677 


34,594 


22,695 


Cotton, excl. linters 
















949 


1,025 


406 


486 



Compiled from official records of the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce, 
a/ Includes Cumberland and Wiltshire sides, 
b/ Includes paddy in terms of cleaned, 
c/ Less than 500. 

d/ Includes baskets, boxes, and barrels in terms of bushels. 



April 12, 1937 



Foreign Crops and Markets 



201 



UNITED STATES: Import quantity of specified agricultural products, 
January-February, 1936 and 1937, and February, 1936 and 1937 



Commodity ; 


Unit 


; January-February 


Feb ruary 


; 1936 


1937 


19o6 


iyo / 


IMPORTS FOR CONSUMPTION: ! 




! Thousands 


Thousands 


Thousands 


■ Thousands 


Cattle, live: I 












Dutiable (by weight)- ; 












1 ,'\ <~* f i*i o vi i / •— \ 1 r\ a *~> /"> t 

jjuss \jLi3Ai ± ( *j ids* cacri-j . . 


No. 


2 


-L J_ 




7 


175 lbs. and less than 700 ■ 














No. 


24 


35 


15. 


18 


700 lbs. or more, each- • 




d/ 

~ 23 




W 

- 12 


a/ 

~ 18 


Cov7s for dairy purposes. ' 


No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 


1 

46 


Total cattle (dutiable);' 


49 


. 93 


. . 28 


43 


1 


- . 2 


. a/. . . 


1 


Beef, canned, including corned j 


Lb . 


14,860 


4,684 


. , .7,21.8. 


3,511 




Lb. 


3,051 


. 5 , 305 


.. .2,191 


2,915 


Cheese: ' 












Swiss- : 












Emmenthaler, ( eye formation): Lb. 


787 


1,414 


. . .530 


648 




Lb. : 


b/ 91 


381 


91 


193 


Blue mold (original loaves), j 


Lb. i 


T-. i/ 


718 


• c/ 


339 


Cheddar (original loaves)... 


Lb. ; 


1 , 316 




fcU ( 


Do<d 




Lb. 


of COO 


y± < 


ooO 


ADO 


Provoloni ond Provolette. . . . : 


Lb. ' i 


Doy 


7 £.7 


■rzqq 


320 




Lb. \ 


6Lo 


501; 








Lb. i 
Lb. : 
Lb. : 


381 
1,792 


Cj , DOU 

385 
1 , 255 


77P 
1 ( C 

223 
750 


166 
556 




Lb. 


7,033 


9,719 


3,794 


4, 697 


Egg products, excl.eggs in shell Lb. j 


1,120 


1,857 


470 


844 




Lb. ; 


18,655 


918 


9,827 


421 




Lb. ■ 


25,560 j 


53 , 320 


12,715 


27 , 148 


Grains: ; 
















2,452 ; 


14,063 


583 


8, 653 




Bu. • 


6 i 


17 


6 


7 




Bu. . ; 


20 ' 


149 


20 


23 




Bu. ■ 


4, 629 ! 


3,532 


2,398 ' 


1,666 




Lb. j 


30 , 744 


64,812 


15 , 554 


30, 136 


Oilseeds: : 














Lb. i 


75,616 ; 


101,732 


49 , 023 


83,931 




Bu. 


2 , 300 ; 


-• 4,866 


1,414 


3,727 


Oils, vegetable: ' 














Lb. 


61,479 i 


60,818 


37,972 


21,466 




Lb. 


71,876 i 


53,695 


35,413 


31, 103 




Lb. ; 


17,619 : 


340 


9,662 


340 




Lb. j 


33,123 : 


24,275 


20 , 550 


20,048 


Sugar, raw (2,000 pounds) i 


Ton 


629 i 


462 


353 


249 




Gal. 


15,730 i 


40,700 


5,171 


21,719 



Compiled from official records of the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce, 
a/ Less than 500. b/ One month. Not separately classified prior to Feb. 1, 1936. 
c/ Hot separately classified prior to June 15, 1936. d/ Excludes wool imported 
free in bond for use in carpets, etc. ej Includes only wheat full duty paid and 
10 percent ad valorem. 



202 



Foreign Crops and Markets 



Vol. 34, No. 15 



ARGENTINA: Harvested acreage and production of specified grains, 

1931-32 to 1936-37 



Item and 


Vfneat 


Rye 


Barley 


Oats 


Corn 


cron vbpt 










i , uuu 


1 , UUU 


X , UUU 


i nnn 

_L , UUU 


i nnn 




acres 


acres 


acres 


. acre s 


cUCTG S 


ACREAGE 












1931-32 


16,028 


960 


1,011 


: 2,041 


9,518 


1932-33.. . 


17,792 


1,187 


1, 283 


2,208 


9 ,373 


" 1933-34 .• 


18,042 


718 


1,3.79 


' 1,651 


10 , 161 


1934-35 


17,154 


1,317 


1,677 


2,200 


14,091 


1935-36 


11,688 


573 


1 , 253 


1,366 


12, 689 


1936-37 


15,728 


.988 


1 , 409 


. . 2,039 


11,935 




i nnn 
X , uuu 


i nnn 
x , uuu 


i nnn 
X , uuu 


i nnn 


1 000 




du snex s 




UU-fallti ± b 


U UL oil O O 


"hn Vi pi q 


PRODUCTION 












1931-32 


219,696 


9 , 744 


19, 771 


72,980 


299,329 


1932-33 


240 , 889 


12,598 


32,150 


69,583 


267,761 


1933-34 


286,120 


7,249 


33,739 


57,388 


256,913 


1934-35 


240,699 


15 , 645 


35,859 ' 


62,052 


451,943 


1935-36 


141,462 


5,000 


21,127 


35,825 


397,615 


1936-37 , 


247,834 


7,480 


29 , 854 


54,564 


371,633 



Compiled from official sources. 



TURKEY : Production of specified grains, 1931-1936 



Harvest year 


Wheat 


• . Rye 


Barley 


Oats 




1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 




bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


1931 


104,946 


15,698 


76,184 


8,113 


1932 


68,977 


7,800 


53 , 221 


8,729 


1933 


98,149 


10 , 403 


73,417 


14,289 


1934 


99,712 


9,589 


76,782 


10,939 


1935 


92 , 640 


8,508 


62,994 


15,983 


1936 ". 


138,486 


17,676 


105,821 


.14,812 



International Institute of Agriculture, Rome, 



April 12, 1937 



203 



COTTON: Price per pound of representative raw cotton at Liverpool, 

April 2, with comparisons 

__ 



od 



fair) 



American - 

Middling. . . . 

Low Middling 
Egyptian (Fully 

Sakellaridis 

Uppers 

Brazilian (Fair 

Ceara 

Sao Paulo . . 
East Indian - 

Broach (Fully good) 

C. P. Oornra No . 1, Superfine 

Sind (Fully good) 
Peruvian (Good) 

Tansuis • • • 



February 




March 




Apr ■ 


12 


19 


26 


■ 5 




19 


. 1 

a/ 25 


2 


Cents 


Cents 


Cent s 


Cents 


Gents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


14.84 
13 . 31 


14 . 72 
13.13 


15.09 

1 3 50 


15.66 
14.07 


16.16 
14. 57 


16.04 
14.52 


16.18 
14.65 


16.25 
14.72 


20.08 
16.51 


20.33 
16.39 


'20.80 
17.25 


21.90 
18.16 


22.75 
18.78 


25.25 
19.49 


25.81 
19.76 


26.02 
19.88 


13.82 
14.33 


13.44 
14.15 


13.81 
14.52 


14.37 
15.09 


14.67 
15.59 


14.72 
15.64 


14.86 
15.77 


14.93 
15.84 


11.68 
12.03 
10.40 


11.40 
11.74 
10.40 


11.45 
11.79 

10.55 


11.91 
12.26 
11.02 


12.13 
12.47 
11.27 


12.48 
12.93 
11.67 


12.42 
13.03 


12.50 
12.91 


19.43 


19.25 


19.62 


20.17 


20.67 


20.73 







Converted at current exchange rate, a/ Thursday prices, due to holiday Friday. 



BUTTER: Price per pound in New York, San Francisco, Copenhagen, and 
London , April 8, 1937, wi th c omp ari sons 



Market and description 



New York, 9,2 score 

San Francisco, 92 score 

Copenhagen, of ficial quotation 
London : 

Dani sh 

New Zealand 

Butch 




1937 



April 1 


April 8 


Cents 


Cents 


35.0 


32.0 


34.0 


32.0 


19.8 


19.5 


23.6 


25.1 


21.7 


22.3 


21.3 


21.3 



Foreign prices converted at current rates of exchange. 



204 Foreign Crops and Markets Vol. 34, Ho. 15 



BUTTER: lew Zealand grading, 1936-37 season to March 26, 

with comparisons 



Date 




O *J uU i 


1936-37 


TJeek ended 


: 1,000 pounds : 


1,000 pounds 


1,000 pounds 




.. : 160,564 


159,292 


162,339 




. . : 8 , 400 ; 


10,416 


12 , 208 


3 




9, 688 


11,592 






9,520 


9,184 






9,738 


11,872 


29 




9,296 


; 9,632 






48,658 


54,488 






9,134 


: 10,136 






8,798 


' 9 , 520 


19 




8,848 


; 8,960 






8,064 


i 8 , 624 






34,844 


; 37,240 






7,784 


! 8,064 


12 






; 8 , 002 






7,336 


i 7^672 






6 , 440 


; 6,328 






29 , 512 


j 30,066 


Total August 1 to March 26. 


. . : 248,991 


272, 306 


; 284,133 


Agricultural Attache C. C. 


Taylor, London. 






BUTTER: Australian grading, 1936-37 


season to March 


13, 




with comparisons 






Date 


j 1934-35 




J_ Z) O O O * 


TJeek ended 


i 1,000 pounds 


1,000 pounds 


1,000 pounds 




| 136,815 


116,539 


80,630 






8,575 


4,852 






! 7,943 


6,962 






6,433 


6,238 






i 6,816 


6,303 






7,258 


6,359 






37,025 


30,714 




•i ?/, 


| 7,101 


5,761 






j 6 , 303 


5,678 


20 


... i ii 


: 6,196 


5,032 


27 


. . • a/ 


• 5,889 


4.787 




-4 — 


25,489 


21,258 






4,601 


5,398 


13 




1 4,027 


4,995 


Tntfll .Till v 1 tn Ma-rnh 1.^ 


• h7 1R2 750 


I 187,681 


142,995 









Weekly Dairy Produce Notes, Imperial Economic Committee. a/ Not available, 
h/ To January 30. 



April 12, 1937 



Foreign Crops and Markets 



305 



EXCHANGE RATES: Average weekly and monthly values in New York of 
specified currencies, April 3, 1937, with comparisons a/ 







: . Month 


Week-ended 




Monetary 




19 36 


1937 


1937 


Country 


Unit 


Mar. 


Mar . 


Jan. 


Feb. ' 


Mar. 


Mo r . 

20 


Mar. 

27 


An v 
3 






Co nt s 


Ppnt q 

wen \j o 


e o s 


Uclltb 


e u 11 1/ b 


Pont o 


v t> 1 1 w b 




Argentina. . . 


Paper peso. 


31.80 


33 . 13 


32.72 


32. 63 


32.57 


32.57 


32.57 


32.61 


Canada 


Dollar 


99.06 


99.84 


99.96 


99.96 


100,05 


100.07 ' 


100 . 12 


100.09 


China 


Shang. yuan 


38 . 30 


29.82 


29.65 


29. 60 


29. 66 


29. 68 


29.68 


29.69 


Denmark 


Krone 


21.32 


22.19 


21.91 


21.85 


21.81 


21.8.1 


21.81 


21.84 


England 


Pound 


477.62 


497.07 


490. 75 


489,39 


488.51 


488.56 


488.47 


489.18 


France 


Franc 


6.62 


6.63 


4.67 


4.66 


4.59 


4.59 


4.59 


4.60 


Germany 


Reich smark . 


40.37 


40.44 


40.23 


40.23 


40.22 


' 40.22 


40.22 


40.22 


Italy 


Lira 


8.34 


7.98 


5.26 


5.26 


5.26 


5.26 


5.26 


5.26 


Japan 


Yen 


27.98 


28.94 


28.54 


28.53 


28.49 


28 . 50 


28.49 


28.50 


Mexico 


Peso ....... 


27.75 


27.77 


27.75 


27.75 


27.75 


27.75 


27.75 


27.75 


Netherlands. 


Guilder 


57.95 


68.35 


54.75 


54.69 


54.70 


54. 67 


54.72 


54.75 


Norway 


Krone 


24.03 


24.97 


24.66 


24 . 59 


24.54 


24.55 


24.54 


24.58 


Sweden. ..... 


Krona 


24.63 


25.63 


25.30 


25.23 


25.19 


25.19 


25.19 


25. 22 


Switzerland. 


Franc 


32 . 53 


32 . 82 


22.94 


22.83 


22.79 


22 . 78 


22.78 


22.79 



Federal Reserve Board'! a/ Noon buying rates for cable transfers 



LIVESTOCK AND fEAT : 



Price per 100 pounds in specified European market; 
March 31 , 1937, with comparisons a/ 



Market and item 



Week ended 



April 1, 
1936 



March 24, 
1937 



March 31 
1937 



Germany : 

Price of hogs, Berlin 

?rice of lard, tcs., Hamburg 

United Kingdom: b/ 

Prices at Liverpool first quality 

American green bellies 

Danish Wiltshire sides 

Canadian green sides 

American short cut green hams 

American refined lard 



Do llars 

17,70 
13.15 



Nominal 
20.78 
18 . 61 
21.03 
14.20 



Dolla rs 

16.79 
14.17 



16.90 
20.06 
18.10 
20.81 
15.17 



Dollars 

16.79 
14.04 



16.92 
20.08 
18.12 
20.85 
15. 33 



Liverpool quotations are on the basis of sale from importer to wholesaler, 
a/ Converted at current rate of exchange, b/ Week ended Friday. 



206 Foreign Crops and Markets Vol. 34, ITo. 15 



... Page 

_La'te cables. 139 

Agricultural exports, U. S. , 

Index numbers, February 1937. . . . 191 

Principal commodities, 

February 1937 191,193,200 

Agricultural imports, principal 

commodities, U. S., 

February 1937 196,201 

Apples, import tax, removal, 

France, April-June 1937....- 190 

Bcrley : 

• Area, Argentina, 1931-1936 202 



Production: 

Argentina, 1931-1935 202 

Turkey, 1931-1936.- 202 

Butter: 
Grading s: 

Australia, March 13, 1937 204 

New Zealand, March 26, 1937... 204 
Prices, specified markets, 

April 8~ 1937 203 

Corn, area arid production, . • 

Argentina, 1931-1936 189,202 

Cotton, orices, U. K., 

April 2, 1937 203 



Page 



1 Exchange rates, foreign, 

April 3, 1937.' 205, 

: 0 at s : 

: Area, Argentina, 1931-1936.. 202 

: Production: 

:: ' Argentina, 1931-1936 202 

: ■ Turkey, 1931-1936 202 

: Pears, import tax, removal, - 

:: • France, Aorii-June 1937 • 190 

:: Pork, orices, foreign markets, 

: : March 31, 1937. .- 203 

: : Rye : 

:: Area, Argentina, 1931-1936 202 

;: Flour extraction-percentage, 

:: Germany, Liar ch 27, 1937. . 190 

; : Production; 

:: Argentina, 1931-1936 2C2 

:: • Turkey, 1931-1936 202 

: : Wheat: ... 

:: Area, Argentina, 1931-1936 2C2 

:: Production: 

:: Argentina, 1931-1936 202 

:: Australia, 1935,1936 189 

:: Turkey, 1931-1936 203 

: : Wool, sales, Sydney, Australia, 

:: Aoril 5, 1937 191